A new year is now coming and Juniper Networks is presenting its vision on 7 new trends that will influence the future of Service Providers during 2021.

With the pandemic the importance of the pandemic grows. Never before have networks played a critical role. Companies, schools, telemedicine, social life: everything has gone from personal interaction to virtual interaction and interactive video calls with many participants have become a fixed element of the daily life of many people. We have seen a heavy use of streaming (especially video), for example for the remote training of staff, and the intensive use of online games, all phenomena that have led to the growth of CDNs. Service providers responded quickly to the increase in traffic, avoiding the increase in latency and the drop in quality. Next year, service providers will double their investment in edge cloud, to allow applications and data to be closer to end users and connected devices, to further improve user experience, to support new low-time real-time applications

The pandemic and network security. Although security has often gone into the background of network speed, the pandemic has shown that cybercrime is waiting for the benefit of crises. This is especially important in light of the second lockdown and the fact that remote work is now the new normality, which offers new opportunities for hackers. In 2021, companies will invest in… Enterprise-at-home solutions, with a focus on safety, so that all endpoints in the network are protected, wherever they are. It will change forever the way service providers build and manage their networks, in particular as regards the provision of services managed to enterprise customers.

The pandemic highlights the need to prepare the network for the unknown by focusing on artificial intelligence and machine learning. The health emergency has transformed the world from physical to virtual from today to tomorrow, leaving the service providers the enormous responsibility to make available optimal experiences in real time or almost, in peak traffic conditions. Traffic patterns have shifted from mobility to fragmentation, and the border line between consumers and companies has become more sloppy. This means that there will be long-term changes in the way service providers build and manage their networks.

Next year there will be a greater focus on the preparation of networks to the unknown: there will be an acceleration of investments in agile and open network architectures built on the principles of the cloud, elastic capacity on demand and automation and security in order to By increasing the focus on service experience we can expect that the orchestration, AI/ML, service insurance and automation technologies will take on an even more important role in the network operations of service providers. This will ensure service quality and simplification of operations as network traffic increases, in light of increasingly dynamic and complex traffic patterns.

Juniper Networks indicates that residential and business networks will become a whole: following the shift to remote work, the dividing line between a residential broadband network and a business broadband network has become increasingly indistinct. Therefore, when something goes wrong, telco must remedy quickly, because even a home network is now business critical. Apart from luptime, this will become a key factor for companies that need to decide which service provider they use for their employees to ensure a solid infrastructure and coverage that also reaches rural areas. Today, the concept of business continuity takes on a completely new dimension.

The 5G will eliminate the gap for rural areas left behind by fiber: since the introduction of VDSL connections, in many countries this technology has also been chosen as an alternative to FTTC and FTTH; VDSL has allowed many rural areas in Europe to be Juniper Networks believes that 5G will help support this transition, facilitating the spread of Fixed Wireless Access (FWA), which will be much simpler and cheaper to implement than FTTH, ensuring a higher coverage.

Boom of monetization opportunities for 5G. According to Juniper Networks, service providers are investing heavily in 5G networks, despite the pandemic changing operational priorities, causing some slowdown in pilot projects and production implementations. 5G is now a reality that offers operators new opportunities for monetization. Thanks to very high speeds, huge connection density and very low latency, we forecast in 2021 new developments in consumer applications (e.g. gaming, AR/VR/MR), vertical markets (e.g. private 5G networks), consumer offerings including

Spread 400G implementations beyond the cloud data center. While the new network economy allows to support the uninterrupted growth of bandwidth demand, we will still see the presence of 400G grow. Now that the big cloud providers are riding the first wave in data centers and wide area networks, we expect the 400G boom in national service providers networks and in several other situations (data center interconnect, co There will be large-scale implementations of 400G in Wan, especially in the second half of the year, thanks to the availability of more economical optical fiber that will allow to reduce the Opex, with fewer ports to be managed and consumer pricing models that will allow operators Over 2021, 400G will make its appearance in metro networks, where 5G will bring even more traffic and network density.

Open architectures remain a hot topic, Open RAN is now a fact. Juniper networks notes that the shift of service providers to open architectures will continue increasingly impetuous in all areas, from open access (such as Open RAN and Open OLT), to open broadband, to IP/optic For mobile operators, Open RAN is no longer a matter of The company believes that there will be an overall acceleration of the adoption of Open RAN, with RFP, trials and implementations, since many operators have committed to democratize radio access, mainly to promote diversity and innovation. The large-scale commercial implementations of Open RAN are relatively recent, but we will see a strengthening of the Open RAN ecosystem, the maturation of technology and new types of partnerships that will substantially change the way the networks are installed, managed and

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