The national cloud has been mentioned for over a decade, as is the rest of the digitization of PA, which is a theme that has its roots in even more remote times.

On the plate today there are two major macro themes that Europe is facing.

The first is in the regulatory field, which concerns the sovereignty of data (Digital Sovereignity) and the second is in the technological field: the definition of data interoperability policies, safety standards and technical standards. The aim is to define guidelines whereby PAs will have to establish agreements and relate to local and non-EU market players.

The national cloud match must therefore be played, as well as on Italian soil, also on European soil, as the GAIA-X projects are intended (andr, an initiative originally Franco-German, in which Italy is actively participating) and the European initiative

Europe’s technological gap towards the United States and Asia cannot be bridged in a short time and I believe that it is necessary, at this historic stage, to have an open and inclusive approach involving all market players.

First of all, we must guarantee the sovereignty of the data by overcoming the US Cloud Act and investing heavily in the internal market, which remains the most important lever for having the much-awaited sovereignty over data and technological independence.

The NextGenerationEU plan in the digital sector is aimed at this very thing.

In today’s debate there is much confusion and it is often heard that the GDPR is misrepresented. The European Regulation applies only to sensitive personal data, but does not remedy non-personal data.

However, the latter are the largest amount of data that has been transferred to the cloud and have a strategic value, such as information about companies, procurement and statistics. The preservation of these data should therefore be defined within the framework of European cloud initiatives, because it has nothing to do with the GDPR.

Italy, according to the latest statements by the Minister for Technology Innovation and Digital Transition Vittorio Colao, is being inspired by the French model, which provides that PA data are managed exclusively by European operators and that non-EU technologies are provided in

This regulatory framework should, in theory, overcome the problem of external data interference.

In essence, in the French model foreign companies will provide technology, while encryption keys and tools to define data processing policies will be in the hands of local companies. If the model really works, it’s just time to say so.

The heart of Italian action is in the definition of the National Strategic Pole, a new legal entity controlled by the State and in which will converge assets and strategic data of the PA.

The recent census conducted by AgID on PA infrastructure shows a very critical and bleak situation: about 95% of them are without the necessary safety and reliability requirements.

The first objective to be set will therefore be to disband obsolete infrastructure and implement a consolidation and migration plan towards modern and reliable infrastructure.

In July a public tender will be launched to identify the entity that will have to provide the services, with an operational plan within the second half of 2022. The names circulated so far concern three large roped: Tim with Google, Fincantieri with Amazon and Leonardo with Azure/Microsoft; which leaves room for some concerns about the role of Italian companies in this operation and seems to be in contrast with the

At this historic moment, we will need a very pragmatic approach to the definition of such agreements.

The security theme today is essentially related to technology and hyperscalers such as Google, Amazon or Microsoft offer the highest technological and security standards: depriving them of political choices could be the biggest threat to security itself in the short term.

Clearly, we must not give up sovereignty and the right to privacy in exchange for technology, but even worse it would be to delude ourselves to obtaining security by implementing nationalist technological autarchy policies.

The road to an Italian national cloud is still very long and increasingly complex, also due to the differing views of Member States.

The funds provided by the PNRR represent a unique opportunity to give a further acceleration to the modernization of the Italian PA, hoping that, for once, the political rhetoric will be put aside and focus on the needs that our country has to become modern and competitive, comes out

Who is the author

Stefano Mainardi is Ceo of SparkFabrik, a tech company that develops web and mobile apps in a native cloud key, among the first in Italy to believe in this approach and that has handled projects for the Agency of Revenues and Ag

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