What is Puer Tea?
You may not know that pu-erh tea is made from the same plant as green, white, and oolong teas, but you should. Pu’er tea or pu-erh tea, also known as black tea in the Far East part of the world, is a variety of tea that was first developed in Pu’er City. The broad leaf variety of the tea plant is said to be 500 to 1000 years old. The birthplace of tea is believed to be in the Southwest region of China. Tea gardens, open areas in the high mountains where tea trees are grown, were begun over 1200 years ago by the people of the area. The best time to harvest is in the middle of the spring. A rich experience for the tea drinker is possible due to the various conditions and environmental factors.
Puer can be aged and refined like wine and can be consumed soon after production. The tea leaves go through a process called a ferment after they have been dried and rolled. Many pu-erhs are able to retain their freshness for up to fifty years because of the process. The taste can change through various stages depending on the environment and conditions of aging.
History of Puer Tea
Puer tea has a long history. The trade in Pu-erh tea began in the Tang Dynasty and was popular during the Ming Dynasty. The popularity of the tea increased as it spread through trade and traveling merchants. The Tea Horse Roads were established and used to transport Puer by mules and horses. The production and export of Puer tea reached a peak at the end of the Ming dynasty. The cakes and bricks from the Six famous Tea Mountains were being transported throughout China, Japan, Tibet, Southeast Asia and on to the west along common trade routes.
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Puer Tea Today
Efforts were made to revive Puer tea production after the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. pu-erh is a highly prized commodity. A well preserved pu-erh remains a household treat.
Puer Tea Plantation Areas in Yunnan
Excellent growing conditions for Puer tea, as well as unique taste profiles in the produced Puer tea, can be found in Yunnan. Every county and prefecture in the province produces Pu’er tea. The Six Famous Tea Mountains are a group of mountains. Puer tea can be found in many other areas. Lincang is one of the major producers of Puer tea. The Puer tea from any region of Yunnan is as good as the tea from the Six Famous Tea Mountains if it is wild growth, hand-processed tea.
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Processing Methods of Puer Tea
The processing of pu-erh distinguishes it from other tea types. The following steps are used to make puer tea.
- Sun fixation is rolling and sun drying.
Sun fixation is rolling and sun drying.
Green and dark pu-erh can be shaped into cakes and aged. The ripe pu’er can be shaped into cakes or bricks.
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Varieties of Puer Tea
The processing methods, shapes buy black tea of finished products, storages, nature of the tea plantations, and types of the tee trees are some of the characteristics of Puer tea. Puer tea is referred to as aged tea. White tea, green tea, black tea, and most oolong teas have a short shelf life, but well-made puer teas can be stored and aged for years of enjoyment.
Puer Tea Varieties by Processing Methods
There are two types of Puer tea, raw Puer tea and ripe Puer tea. Ripe Pu-erh and Raw Pu-erh are made from Saiqing Mao Cha. pu-erh tea is aged for a long time, resulting in a dark color and mellow flavor.
Puer tea is made from green tea leaves that were picked, roasted, sun-dried and steamed to be compressed into round disks called cakes. The cakes are aged until the tea tastes better.
Green tea leaves are picked, roasted, sun-dried and steamed to make cakes. The cakes are aged until the tea tastes better. Ripe Pu-erh is made from black tea, which is fermentable. The same steps are taken by shou pu-erh and sheng pu-erh. At the stage of making the cakes, it undergoes a procedure calledwet piling.
Puer Tea Varieties by Shapes
Puer tea is compressed into different shapes. It is compressed into the hollow centers of bamboo stems or packed into a ball inside the peel of various citrus fruits.
Bing/Cake/Disc Tea is a round, flat, disc or puck-shaped tea, the size ranges from as small as 100g to as large as 5 kg or more, with 358g, 400g, and 500g being the most common. 100g, 250g, and 500g are the most common sizes of Tuocha Tea. A thick rectangular block of tea, usually in 100g, 250g, 500g and 1000g sizes, is called a brick tea. A square of tea is usually 100 or 200 grams. The example illustrates how brand name characters are pressed into the square. A small ball-shaped or rolled tea is convenient for a single serving. The balls usually contain between 5 and 10 grams. The gold melon is larger in size and decorated with pumpkin-like ribbing.
How to Drink Puer Tea?
Puer tea brewing tricks can change the taste of the tea. It can aid in enjoyment. Use a knife or pick to get some leaves, then break them off from the side. The tea will taste better with less broken leaves. The tea leaves are immersed in hot water for a short time before the tea is poured into another container. The best Pu-erh teas can be steeped up to a dozen times.
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Where to Buy Puer Tea in Yunnan?
Puer tea has led to the growth of tea markets. If you want to have a wide choice of tea products, tea markets in Yunnan are a good place to start. The tea production areas of Kunming, Pu’er, Lincang, and Xishuangbanna have the most concentration of tea trading centers.