Backup is an indispensable task for any digital device: it must be done regularly and accurately, in order not to incur disastrous data loss; iPhone can be done with two main methods, using iCloud or a computer.

The two methods are not competitors and, within certain limits, not even alternatives: each can choose the one that best meets his or her needs.

For many reasons, iPhone backup on iCloud is the most practical choice: in our previous article we learned how to do it. We may also want to have an alternative backup: then run one on iCloud but also another on our computer.

If, for any reason, you prefer to back up your iPhone to your computer, with the macOS Catalina 10.15 update of your Mac operating system, the procedure has changed.

First, with macOS Mojave 10.14 and earlier versions (or even on a PC), iPhone backup was done via iTunes.

Now, with macOS Catalina, as we know the iTunes app has been replaced by three different applications: Music, Podcast and TV. None of them, however, \”heired” iPhone backup functions.

In macOS Catalina, the Apple mobile device backup and synchronization procedure is taken over directly by the Finder.

To backup your iPhone on your Mac, first connect the device to your computer with the appropriate cable.

The first time you make the link, you will be asked to authorize the synchronization between your iOS and Mac device.

Once the permission is confirmed, iPhone appears in the sidebar of the Finder window, under Positions, with external disks, connected servers and other devices. (You can configure which elements to display in the Finder Window Sidebar in Finder > Preferences > Sidebar.)

Select the iPhone in the Finder window sidebar and, if it is not already active, click the Generali tab.

In the Generali tab for your iPhone, after a first section of information and controls, there is the section dedicated to backup and restore operations.

You can choose whether to back up your iPhone’s most important data to iCloud, or whether to back up all your iPhone data to Mac.

You can also choose to encode local backup: this option is not enabled by default, but is required if you intend to save your iPhone or Apple Watch health and activity data. For encoding you need to create a password: it is essential to remember it, because the password will then be indispensable to recover backups.

When you are ready, you just have to click the Run backup button now.

In fact, it is not a conclusion, but only the beginning (or a phase) of our backup strategy. Whether on the cloud, locally or hybrid, it is essential to have a backup strategy and stick to it in a regular and disciplined manner.

In this technical note of the Apple support site, the differences between the local backup and the iCloud backup are explained, and which files are included and not included in them.

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