Panda Security detects how digital transformation is slowly involving even smart homes and connected cars.

The penetration of technologies and their skills is indeed a gradual but inevitable process and will soon be visible, especially in large cities, which will in turn convert into smart cities.

To better understand the scope of this revolution, it is worth clarifying that smart home means a dwelling whose elements are connected to an internal network, which is connected to the Internet, and can be controlled by digital and remote devices; with car connects to the Internet, the Internet is a tool

According to a study conducted by the Smart & Connected Car Observatory of the

School of Management of the Politecnico di Milano, in 2019 the market of

solutions for the car and connected has reached a value of 1.2 billion euros in Italy.

61% of the consumers surveyed already have at least one smart feature for the car, such as assisted parking solutions, voice assistants and driving assistance systems.

The Politecnico di Milano, through the report on Smart Home of the Internet Observatory of Things, informs us that the connected houses sector experienced a 40% increase last year in value, exceeding half a billion euros, with safety devices in the lead

electrical appliances. Moreover, by 2021, almost half of the population in Italy will have at least one device connected to the smart home.

Houses and connected cars offer many benefits, such as the convenience of remote functions for homes, driving support or even advanced security systems for home and vehicles. The environmental impact is also reduced thanks to the automation and customization of home services as well as the energy saving due to smart mobility.

Some of the problems of this transformation still remain to be resolved, starting from the costs but also from the concerns concerning the safety risks, given the increase in the number of devices constantly connected. The networks and computer systems on which the Internet of Things is based are obviously vulnerable but this does not mean that they are easy to

Violate. Although vulnerabilities have been discovered, for example the attack via smart home appliances chips to launch DDoS attacks, this type of threat is more theoretical than concrete, at least in the present and nearest future.

What is of concern, as users and as organisations, is the security of personal data.

All connected smart home and car devices collect data about the user and the use, which are then aggregated and analyzed by artificial intelligence algorithms and machine learning technologies to optimize the operation of the same devices. This is, in essence, the virtuous circle of the big data applied to IoT devices networks.

However, this process can be converted into a huge privacy-respect problem. As a sector in constant development, the security of personal data is the subject of continuous legalisation, in particular in relation to the use and processing by the manufacturer, the control of the user and the protection of the same data.

What we are interested in here is what can a user do to use their smart devices in a responsible and secure way?

The real weakness of the Internet of Things is access to devices, networks and apps, so the end user must take some precautions to prevent cybercriminals from exploiting

Panda Security for smart car and smart home security suggests secure, long and complicated passwords, stored and managed by a password manager. Multifactor authentication using biometric identification systems. Create subnets for home connection and monitor l’access to the home and car Wi-Fi. Install an effective antivirus.

Separate entertainment devices from those containing personal or important data, e.g. work data. Have home and car control by professionals specialized in robotization and automation.

Before buying and installing new smart devices in your car or home, do Internet searches and check your security.

Make use of common sense and pay close attention, especially at the beginning, when you do not yet master the operation of the devices.

All these practices represent the first major external defence line

that, as end users of smart cars and smart houses, we have to erect

against possible cybercriminal attacks.

Overall, the benefits of connected cars and smart homes far outweigh the related computer risks. The functionality at the service of the physical safety of the driver will soon save many lives and the tools of optimization based on AI will reduce more and more the environmental impact of mobility; we will only have to learn to use them safely and consciously, as well as any other digital

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