The fourth edition of the Observatory of Digital Competences, conducted by AICA, Anitec-Assinform, Assintel and Assinter Italia with the support of CFMT, Confcommercio, Confindustria and the patronage of MIUR
The growth of web ads for ICT professions continues and new profiles emerge.
64,000 ads were published online in 2017, more than doubled in the last 4 years, recording an increase of +7% compared to 2016.
And estimates for the three-year period 2018-2020 speak of 88,000 new jobs specialised in ICT.
Developers at the top of the ICT job ranking
With a 19% growth in the previous year and a 49% share of ads on the web, Developers lead the ranking of the most sought after roles, followed by ICT consultants, required in one out of six ads.
The proportion of new professions with digital transformations such as Service Development Manager, Big Data Specialist and Cyber security Officer is also growing.
At the territorial level the largest increase is concentrated in the North-West and in particular in Lombardy, with a share of the demand of 48% of the total Italy.
Here the levels of demand for Big Data Specialists and Service Development Managers reach 60%.
Together with ICT, the Services sector has the largest share (20%) of the demand for digital transformation professionals: the most requested are ICT Operation Manager (56%), Digital Media Specialist (53%) and ICT Consultant
Growth in wages
The 2017 wages of IT profiles are also growing: in computer and electronic companies the Quadri recorded +4.3% and the Managers +6.0%. In the companies of Consulting and ICT Services increase the salaries of employees +2.5%, managers (+1.9%) and paintings +1.8%.
Too many graduates, they need ICT graduates with skills that demand the market
The gap between the demand and supply of ICT specialists confirms that action is needed as soon as possible if the new digital labour market is to be fully exploited.
The Observatory estimates show that for 2018 there is a requirement for graduates for companies ranging from 12,800 to 20,500, while the University should graduate just over 8,500: a gap that therefore reaches 58%. The situation for the graduates is reversed: the demand will oscillate between 7,900 and 12,600, with a surplus that will oscillate between 3,400 and 8,100 (27%).
ICT graduates therefore grow but too slowly: in 2017 they reach 7,700 units, in a very small growth compared to 2016, but the specialists in Computer Science and Computer Engineering (INFO) dropped, equal to 4,460.
The tendency of graduates to finish their studies after the three-year degree (+3% from +10% in 2016) is mitigated while the increase in registration continues, although in a reduced extent (+3.5% against +9% in 2016) and with abandonment percentages that remain high (you only
The trend towards growth of registrations in ICT area is uneven: North-West, North-East and South grow at 6%, the Islands even +13%, decreases the Centre (-9.2%). In terms of gender, the female share remains very low: about 19% compared to 53% in the average of all courses.
Digital skill rate
The relevance of digital skills is measured by the Digital skill rate, i.e. the degree of pervasiveness of digital skills within a single profession: on average 48% for ICT professions and 14% for non-ICT professions.
The Digital Skill Rate ranges from 30% to 51% for almost all ICT professions and exceeds 51% for Database Administrator, Developer, Systems Analyst and Technical and Network Specialist. Moving to Soft Skills, they become more pervasive in all professions: on average for ICT professions the soft skill rate is 28%, while it is 35% for non-ICT professions.
The most important tips of soft skills (between 38% and 51%) are found for ICT Operations Manager, Account Manager, ICT Consultant, Project Manager, Cyber security Officer and Business Analysis
Digital gap, solutions
To bridge the mismatch between demand and supply of ICT skills and professions, the Observatory proposes a system of policies for the training and work of the new ICT professions, which are divided into 4 strategic areas.
Increase of graduates and IT experts with advanced skills through ICT student loyalty and greater attractiveness for ICT degrees and higher degrees. To reduce the dispersion of ICT students in the transition from secondary school to university and, therefore, in the completion of study paths and to bring more students from non-ICT diplomas to ICT study paths. These are the most urgent objectives to remove the gap in the mix of graduates against graduates entering the market (33% vs 67%) compared to the one requested (62% vs 38%)
Renewing and quality of ICT study paths. The most popular ICT professions are characterised by a complex mix of fast-paced technological knowledge and increasingly advanced skills to strategically govern changes. Acquire this mix of technological, managerial and soft skills in a fast way requires access to more innovative study paths (including with self-learning techniques) and continuous field experience
Strengthening of continuing training and retraining. The paradox of increasingly popular computer science in younger and increasingly unemployed age groups in the age group above 35 (even with increasing unemployment for phase-out profiles) requires a greater culture of updating that is being maintained through self-learning channels already widely used in the
New models of interaction Demand-Offered in the labour market for ICT professions. More information, awareness and cooperation between companies, schools/university and research can bring demand closer and involve in the development and attraction of digital talents at different levels.