5G is no longer a project but a technology on the ground, however many organizations do not seem ready to take advantage of it, according to a study by the Observatory 5G & Beyond of the School of Management of Politecnico di Milano

Yet, the Observatory stresses, 5G enables a large number of high-speed applications and services, promises higher speed of access to the network by reducing latency problems and increasing the number of devices connected with low consumption, allows the network to be transformed into a programmable platform with services 5G opens up great opportunities for businesses, PAs and citizens, but the market is still in the early stages and most companies show little awareness about the issue: just 24% of end-user companies are end-users of services enabled by 5G

In addition, only one out of five end-user companies are active to exploit their potential, the remaining 80% are still still standing because they know or have doubts about the benefits of this technology or because they are not interested. ICT companies are more ready, but less than half (48%) already feel experienced in the topic or have started initiatives, while 36% are still uncertain about opportunities.

One out of four Italian consumers, among the internet users, purchased or intended to buy a smartphone that supports the 5G network, 34% are considering the purchase, while 41% are not interested. Among the latter the main brakes are the satisfaction of the current device (62%), the costs too high (28%), the lack of coverage in its own city (19%) and the concern for any negative health effects (13%). Overall, expectations for 5G relate to the higher data transfer rate (72% of the sample), the possibility of remotely working more easily (38%) and the opportunity to watch video in 4K (30%).

122 experiments on use cases conducted in Italy, mostly dedicated to remote monitoring (35%), with applications for example in agriculture and smart cities, and to improving user experience (20%), with solutions mainly in the media and tourism sectors

The opportunities of 5G networks are not yet understood by the majority of companies. A survey conducted by the Observatory 5G & Beyond of 328 end-user companies and 222 ICT companies shows that 80% of companies that will use the services enabled by this technology in the future do not know or do not see the advantages at the moment.

More in detail, 41% are uncertain, perceives the impact but does not know if their reality will be involved; 26% do not know the topic and is not aware of the business implications of 5G; 5% are skeptical, knows the topic but thinks that it will not bring a

Of the remaining 20%, only 1% already feel like an expert with 5G knowledge while 19% have started projects or are beginning to approach the theme. The sector that appears to be the most ready is that of services, with 26% of accommodation companies, 2% of experts and a lower incidence of unwitting enterprises (21%). The following are PA and Health, with 20% of accommodation companies but also the highest percentage of unawares (35%), and manufacturing, with 15% of accommodation companies, 2% pioneer and 26% who do not know the theme.

The ICT business chain, which will help build an ecosystem of solutions based on new networks, shows a greater propensity to 5G, with 48% already activated, 13% of which are called expert and 35% receptive. Few ICT companies are unaware (5%), sceptical (6%) or not concerned (5%), but more than one in three is still uncertain about the potential of new networks for their own reality (36%).

According to the 5G & Beyond Observatory, only 24% of end-user companies and 28% of ICT companies have good or very good knowledge of the technological characteristics and specific potential of the new networks, 28% and 33% respectively show a low level of knowledge, while The clearer 5G characteristics for both groups relate to the certification of a large number of new applications, the availability of new high-speed services and the reduction of latency times. The transformation of the network into a programmable platform with cloud services distributed through the edge computing and the specialisation of networks through slicing, which are the characteristics on which the already active companies have the highest expectations.

Even in the consumer market there is diversity of views, with 25% of Italian consumers who have already purchased or are planning to purchase a smartphone that supports the 5G network and 34% that is evaluating it. Among the buyers 30% have already bought the device, 13% are going to do so, 35% are waiting for an interesting offer and 22% are waiting to have 5G coverage in their city. Those who are considering the purchase are mainly influenced by the cost of the device (32%), by the coverage in their own city (29%) or will wait for health assurances (15%).

Users not interested in buying a 5G smartphone are mainly satisfied with the device they already own (62%) and are discouraged by the high cost of the device (28%), the lack of coverage (19%) and health concerns (13%). In summary, therefore, the fake news left a trace, albeit limited, influencing about 10% of consumers.

The main advantages of new networks perceived by consumers are the increased speed of data transfer both for download and upload (72%), the possibility of working better remotely (38%), the viewing of video in 4K (30%), home automation (25% The objects with which consumers are most interested in seeing interactions are devices for smart home (55%), connected car (37%), augmented and virtual reality viewers (30%), wearable devices for sports and wellness (2

According to the 5G & Beyond Observatory, the most widespread applications of this technology are linked to remote monitoring (35%), used mainly in smart cities, for example with mobility management systems, smart parking, smart lighting and there Other areas of application are health care, with continuous analysis of the vital parameters of patients and athletes, and predictive maintenance in large distributed infrastructures such as railways, monitored with sensors or drones.

The second largest group of experiments concerns the improvement of user experience (Enhanced Experience, 20%), with applications in the fields: media, for example 4K journalistic services and virtual reality shows; tourism, with use Surveillance & Safety (16%), surveillance solutions with intelligent cameras and artificial intelligence algorithms, Remote Operations (13%), are followed, allowing you to drive tools such as robots or drones and perform remote tasks, S More limited are the trials of Collaborative Robots (2%), which employ humanoid robots to give information to customers or to automate some factory activities, Improved Network Connectivity (2%), the combined use of existing network technologies (in particular

The Observatory has also developed a model to estimate the benefits that 5G will generate in some specific areas, focusing for this first year on Remote Operations and analysing more specifically remote assistance operations for the maintenance of industrial plants (Remote Assist)

In both cases, both tangible and intangible benefits are found. As regards the former, there was greater productivity, because the time of inactivity of the machine decreases, and more daily interventions, without travel costs, with less CO2 emissions, as well as the possibility of completing the execution of a service even in the event of impediments to movement and

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